Cyprus

Cyprus is country of Europe located in south Europe.

Details

Official Name:Republic of Cyprus
Capital:Nicosia
Total area:9 251 km2
GDP per capita:$27,085
Native Language:Greek, Turkish
Government:Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Population:1,117,000
Major Religion:Greek Orthodox, Sunni Islam
Monetary Unit:Euro (EUR)

Cyprus is the largest island in the eastern Mediterranean and is situated south of Turkey. The two main mountain ranges are the Pentadactylos in the north and the Troodos in central and south-western part of the island. Between them is the fertile plain of Messaoria.

Cyprus has long been a crossing point between Europe, Asia and Africa and still has many traces of successive civilisations – Roman theatres and villas, Byzantine churches and monasteries, Crusader castles, Ottoman mosques and pre-historic habitats.

The island’s main economic activities are tourism, clothing and craft exports and merchant shipping. Traditional crafts include embroidery, pottery and copperwork.

Traditional local dishes include the meze – a selection of appetizers served as a main dish, halloumi/hellim cheese and the zivania schnapps.

The Republic of Cyprus gained its independence from Britain in 1960. Three years later, inter-communal violence between Turkish and Greek Cypriots broke out. Since 1974 the island is de facto divided after a coup d'état supported by the military junta in Greece against the Cypriot President Makarios and the subsequent intervention of the Turkish army. Despite numerous efforts to reunify the country, it remains divided to this day.

Cyprus is well known as the island of Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty, who, according to legend, was born here.

In modern literature, names such as Costas Montis (poet and writer) and Demetris Gotsis (writer) stand out, while Evagoras Karageorgis and Marios Tokas are well known for their musical compositions.

Health & Welfare

A comprehensive social insurance scheme covers every working male and female including their dependants. Benefits and pensions from the scheme cover unemployment, sickness, maternity, widows, injury at work, old age, and death.

Economy & Jobs

Jobs in agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism.

Main Attractions

Nicosia, Gazimagusa, Girne, Pafos, and Troodos Massif.

Economy

The Cypriot economy has diversified and become prosperous in recent years. However, in 2012 it became affected by the Eurozone financial and banking crisis. In June 2012, the Cypriot government announced it would need €1.8 billion of foreign aid to support the Cyprus Popular Bank, and this was followed by Fitch downgrading Cyprus's credit rating to junk status. Fitch said Cyprus would need an additional €4 billion to support its banks and the downgrade was mainly due to the exposure of Bank of Cyprus, Cyprus Popular Bank and Hellenic Bank, Cyprus's three largest banks, to the Greek financial crisis.