Immigration documents in Latvia

There are three most important documents related to immigration and residency in Latvia:


The image of the passport of LatviaA passport is an identity document that provides information about a specific person. In the context of immigration and residency, a passport proves that a person holds the citizenship of a certain country, Latvia for example.

The passport of Latvia is considered to be quite strong, requiring no visa to enter most of the countries. Where a visa-free entry is not available, its holder will usually receive a relevant authorisation upon arrival.

Residence permit document

The residence permit of Latvia is a document that allows a person from outside Latvia to reside in the country. An example of such a document would be the 'Uzturēšanās atļauja'. It is usually either limited in validity length (temporary RP) or or provides an unlimited right to reside (permanent RP). As a document, most of the times it is a card similar to an ID-card or a driver's licence.

In Latvia, there are 3 main types of residence permit documents with a number of possible variations, such as specialized documents for the family members of an original document holder.


The visa of Latvia is a document that allows a person who is not a resident of Latvia to enter the country. There are several types of visas, e.g. Airport transport visa (Type A), Short-term visa (Type C), etc. They are usually distinguished by the purpose, for which the applicant wishes to enter the country. There 3 major types of visa in Latvia.