Immigration documents in Slovakia

There are three most important documents related to immigration and residency in Slovakia:


The image of the passport of SlovakiaA passport is an identity document that provides information about a specific person. In the context of immigration and residency, a passport proves that a person holds the citizenship of a certain country, Slovakia for example.

The passport of Slovakia is considered to be quite strong, requiring no visa to enter most of the countries. Where a visa-free entry is not available, its holder will usually receive a relevant authorisation upon arrival.

Residence permit document

The residence permit of Slovakia is a document that allows a person from outside Slovakia to reside in the country. An example of such a document would be the 'Povolenie na pobyt vydávané vo forme nálepky, ktorá je vlepená do cestovného dokladu štátneho príslušníka tretej krajiny'. It is usually either limited in validity length (temporary RP) or or provides an unlimited right to reside (permanent RP). As a document, most of the times it is a card similar to an ID-card or a driver's licence.

In Slovakia, there are 5 main types of residence permit documents with a number of possible variations, such as specialized documents for the family members of an original document holder.


The visa of Slovakia is a document that allows a person who is not a resident of Slovakia to enter the country. There are several types of visas, e.g. Airport transit visa (Type A), Transit visa (Type B), etc. They are usually distinguished by the purpose, for which the applicant wishes to enter the country. There 4 major types of visa in Slovakia.