Immigration to Poland

Introducing the Republic of Poland: Poland can be described as a European country in a heart of Eastern Europe. Statistics tell us that the population of Poland can currently be estimated at around 38 million people. The dominant ethnic group is polish (94%). The official language is Polish.

Polish nominal GDP per capita is estimated at around 13 540 USD. The Official currency is Zloty (PLN). Poland is a proud member state of the European Union and the Schenggen area, which provides many benefits for its residents.

Immigration legislation requires that if you are a non-European Union Citizen and you intend to stay in the Republic of Poland in excess of 90 days consecutively or if you want to conduct business activities or work, then you must apply for a residence permit. The law currently provides three major grounds for doing so: Starting a business in Poland, getting an education or getting a job.

Immigration services

Immigration services in the Republic of Poland are comfortably managed, since Polish immigration law is very well defined. The Migration Policy Department at the Ministry of Interior (, which is responsible for immigration matters, does provide information on residence permits on the basis of investment. The Polish law is complex therfore a lawyer advice is suggested. However, a residence permit in Poland is possible to acquire through several ways. One of the options to acquire a residence permit is to own a company in Poland which is useful if you want to develope a business in Poland or any of the European Union countries. Another option to acquire a temporary residence permit in Poland is to be employed or to get enrolled as a student. Each case is unique therefore contact us to look for suitable solution for you.

Here are three companies, offering immigration services in Poland:

Lawful Immigration

In order for immigration to Poland to be lawful, an immigrant needs to follow all the requirements laid out in the immigration laws of the Republic of Poland. There are several possibilities, depending on the purpose of your visit. You will need a visa or Schengen visa in order to visit the country. If you acquire a residence permit via options listed above, you may travel to any Schengen country without additional visa. If you plan to immigrate to Europe and reside in Poland for a long period of time – you need a residence permit, which can be acquired on the following grounds: establishing a company in Poland, getting an education or getting a job.

Immigration law

The main immigration laws for immigrants from non-EU states in the Republic of Poland are the Aliens Act and the Act on granting protection to aliens within the territory of the Republic of Poland. Aliens Act - [.pdf]
Ministry of the Interior -

The 10th article of the Aliens Act demonstrates that immigration policy in Poland is friendlier, than in some other countries. However, despite that fact, it may require lawyer assistance to obtain a residence permit: An alien who applies for the granting or prolongation of visa, the granting of the residence permit for a fixed period, the permit to settle or the long-term resident’s EC residence permit shall be informed in the language understandable to him/her about the procedure and its principles as well as about rights granted to him/her and obligations imposed on him/her.

Immigration Statistics

Immigration Statistics in Poland are quite dynamic, though the ethnic diversity is not that large. Poland has, throughout most of its long history, experienced only very limited immigration from abroad. This factor explains why 94% of the population of Poland are polish.

You can find more detailed immigration statistics here: [.gif]

Most popular cities by population

The most popular city by population is Warszawa (Warsaw). The next largest cities by population are Krakow and Lodz, however there is a large immigrant population in the small city of Wroclaw due to the presence of several large international companies – including IBM.

The population of Warszawa (Warsaw) during the last century has increased 2.5 times, while the population of Krakow has increased 5 times during the same period. Krakow have rich heritage and is the seccond most popular city amongst tourists and immigrants.

Migration in and out of Schengen area

The Republic of Poland is a member state of the Schengen area. Countries of the Schengen Agreement have abolished passport and immigration control at their common borders and for travel between their member states. Member countries also recognize Schengen visas issued by other Schengen states. On the outer border, or upon first entry to the Schengen area, normal immigration control procedures apply, however admission to any Schengen country is considered admission to the whole Schengen area (all member countries), with no further immigration checks needed.

Third-country citizens holding long term visas may stay in the Republic of Poland for more than 90 days. Due to strict immigration policies, sometimes it may be quite hard to acquire Schengen visa directly from poland. A list of documents and grounds for requesting a visa can be found on the web site of the Ministry of the Interior.

One of options, which would allow non-EU citizen to submit for a residence permit, is establishing a business in Poland.

Residence permit

Polish legislation is not very flexible when it comes to the provision of residence permits to non-EU citizens. Many European countries, such as Latvia or Estonia, provide many more opportunities for potential investors in order to submit an application for a residence permit.

Currently there are three ways to obtain a residence permit in the Republic of Poland for non-EU citizens: establishing a company in Poland, getting an education or getting a job. According to statistics, provided by the Ministry of Interior, company formation is one of the best solutions to obtain a residence permit.


History of modern immigration to Poland started in the year 1989, before this the immigration situation was very limiting for political reasons, due to the existence of the USSR. The change occurred in 1989, for various reasons. Later, when Poland became part of the Schengen area and opened its borders – new opportunities were granted. Many locals have used this opportunity and started the immigration to Western European countries. This has dramatically decreased the population of Poland over the last decade as well as creating large Polish populations in countries such as the UK and Germany. Poland has not become a major host country for labor immigrants. Currently it is running a mass repatriation programm for its nationals.